Tuesday, January 21, 2020

growaw Unfulfilled Edna Pontellier of Kate Chopins The Awakening Ess

Unfulfilled Edna of The Awakening  Ã‚   As evidenced in Kate Chopin’s The Awakening, and other novels of the 1800’s, women writers of this period seem to feel very repressed. Leonce Pontellier seemed to be fond of his wife, and treated her as one would treat a loved pet. In the beginning of the story it describes him as looking at her as a â€Å"valuable piece of personal property†. He does not value her fully as a human being more as a piece of property. However, he expects her to be everything he thinks she should be. Her children also expect total sacrifice from her. She obviously feels unfulfilled in life and inadequate in many facets. She does not feel like an artist, she does not feel like a satisfied wife or mother. Since she does not feel like she has an actual life, that is why it is easy to kill herself. It is at the end when she views the sea as the rolling,endless meadow that the sees a life without constrictions. She finally feels free and at peace. The Awakening is an emotionally unsatisfying story. It is the story of a women, Edna, who tries unsuccessfull...

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Natural Phenomena

Veronika Gyurjyan Professor Bachman English 28 4 February 2010 Natural Phenomena Henry David Thoreau was against of survival. Rather than purposefully living, the majority of people’s lives are little more than a series of reactions to everything. Most people survive today, thinking that they will live their actual living tomorrow. He was going to discover the life around him, bringing his life into the harmonious accord with all the movements around him. In 1845, July 4, he decided to move and reside at Walden Pond, which is located in Concord, Massachusetts about 18 miles northwest of Boston. Living in Walden for two years, Henry David Thoreau wrote the book Walden or Life in the Woods, summarizing his experience, his living in Walden, far away from society. Live life rather than let life live you. Certain individuals might think that we are living life just because we are alive. To Henry David Thoreau (philosopher and creative artist), living life was living a natural life that the majority of people are not living. Natural life means reawaking and expanding the human’s awareness, observing and discovering something that exists in science, which is more than unusual and difficult to understand. Discovering and reawaking something hidden is similar to giving a life to something that already exists, adding more imagination and creativeness. Walden by Henry David Thoreau is an American classic. The book is part personal declaration of independence, social experiment, voyage of spiritual discovery. Was Henry a hermit? I think he choose to isolate himself from society to gain more objectiveness about life. The whole project was inspired by transcendentalist philosophy, such as existing above or beyond human knowledge or understanding, a central theme of the American Romantic period. In his first and largest chapter, â€Å"Economy†, he outlines his project, â€Å"A two-year and two-months stay at the cozy tightly shingled cottage in the woods near Walden Pond. † I think that separation from the civilization gives a chance to reanalyze the entire life. Living in Walden was productive for Thoreau. In the chapter â€Å"Where I lived and what I lived for† chapter he describes how he was writing every day. And that time in Walden was his most productive as a writer. Another important purpose of his separation from society was realizing an importance and beneficial effect of solitude. â€Å"I never found the companion that was as companionable as solitude. †(Thoreau 177). Walden emphasizes the importance of solitude and closeness to nature. Walden is not an environmental book. It is about one man’s attempt to find the principles by which the life is a proper life. â€Å"Every morning was a cheerful invitation to make my life of equal simplicity, and I may say innocence, with Nature herself†¦Ã¢â‚¬  (Thoreau 132). Henry Thoreau was enjoying every given morning, accepting is as a gift from nature. That was his chance to be closer to innocence. â€Å"I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not when I came to die, discover that I had not lived. I did not wish to live what was not life, living is so dear; nor did I wish to practice resignation, unless it was quite necessary. I wanted to live deep and suck out all the marrow of life, to live so sturdily and Spartan-like as to put to rout all that was not life, to cut a broad swatch and shave close, to drive life into a corner, and reduce it to its lowest terms, and, if it proved to be mean, why then to get the whole and genuine meanness of it, and publish its meanness to the world†¦.. (Thoreau 135). Thoreau wanted to get the most from his life by determining what was really important, and he did that by removing himself somewhat from the normal life of Concord, MA in the 1840’s. One side of this was economical; he reduced his material needs by living simply, so that he would not have to spend much time supporting a lifestyle that he did not need or care about. The other side was spiritual, not unlike the spiritual retreats of eastern and western religions. He liked it so much that he lived in his cabin for more than two years, and came back with a great story. He worked on this story for several years after leaving the pond, until it became Walden as we know it today. By writing a Walden, Henry Thoreau gave a life to those two years and two months he spent in the woods. He dedicated his life to the exploration of nature, not as a backdrop of human activity, but as living. He was divinely conscious of the enthusiasm of Nature, the emotion of the rhythms and the harmony of her solitude. In Nature Henry found an analogy to the Transcendentalism. He did not study the Nature; otherwise it could make him dogmatic. He loved Nature. â€Å"WHO nearer Nature’s life would truly come Must nearest come to him of whom I speak; He all kinds knew,—the vocal and the dumb; Masterful in genius was he, and unique, Patient, sagacious, tender, frolicsome. This Concord Pan would oft his whistle take, And forth from wood and fen, field, hill, and lake, Trooping around him in their several guise, The shy inhabitants their haunts forsake: Then he, like ? op, man would satirize, Hold up the image wild to clearest view Of undiscerning manhood’s puzzled eyes, And mocking say, â€Å"Lo! mirrors here for you: Be true as these, if ye would be more wise. † Works Cited Book: Henry, Thoreau. Walden. Penguin Classics, 1985. Web Site: Amos Bronson Alcott. American Transcendentalism Web. 21 January. 2010

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Definition and Examples of Hasty Generalizations

A hasty generalization is a  fallacy in which a conclusion that is reached is not logically justified by sufficient or unbiased evidence. Its also called an  insufficient sample, a converse accident, a faulty generalization, a biased generalization, jumping to a conclusion,  secundum quid, and a  neglect of qualifications. Author Robert B. Parker illustrates the concept via an excerpt from his novel Sixkill: It was a rainy day in Harvard Square, so the foot traffic through the atrium from Mass Ave to Mount Auburn Street was heavier than it might have been if the sun were out. A lot of people were carrying umbrellas, which most of them furled inside. I had always thought that Cambridge, in the vicinity of Harvard, might have had the most umbrellas per capita of any place in the world. People used them when it snowed. In my childhood, in Laramie, Wyoming, we used to think people who carried umbrellas were sissies. It was almost certainly a  hasty generalization, but I had never encountered a hard  argument  against it. A Too-Small Sample Size By definition, an  argument  based on a hasty generalization always proceeds from the particular to the general. It takes a small sample and tries to extrapolate an idea about that sample and apply it to a larger population, and it doesnt work.  T. Edward Damer explains: It is not uncommon for an arguer to draw a conclusion or generalization based on only a few instances of a phenomenon. In fact, a generalization is often drawn from a single piece of supporting data, an act that might be described as committing  the fallacy of the lonely fact....Some areas of inquiry have quite sophisticated guidelines for determining the sufficiency of a sample, such as in voter preference samples or television viewing samples. In many areas, however, there are no such guidelines to assist us in determining what would be sufficient grounds for the truth of a particular conclusion.—From Attacking Faulty Reasoning, 4th ed. Wadsworth, 2001 Generalizations as a whole, hasty or not, are problematic at best. Even so, a large sample size wont always get you off the hook. The sample youre looking to generalize needs to be representative of the population as a whole, and it should be random. For  example, the polls  leading up to the 2016  presidential election missed segments of the population who eventually came out to vote for Donald Trump and thus underestimated his supporters and their potential impact on the election. Pollsters knew the race would be close, however, by not having a representative sample to generalize the outcome, they got it wrong.   Ethical Ramifications Stereotypes come about from trying to make generalizations about people or groups of them. Doing it is at best a minefield and at worst, has ethical considerations. Julia T. Wood explains: A hasty generalization is a broad claim based on too-limited evidence. It is unethical to assert a broad claim when you have only anecdotal or isolated evidence or instances. Consider two examples of hasty generalizations based on inadequate data: Three congressional representatives have had affairs. Therefore, members of Congress are adulterers. An environmental group illegally blocked loggers and workers at a nuclear plant. Therefore, environmentalists are radicals who take the law into their own hands. In each case, the conclusion is based on limited evidence. In each case the conclusion is hasty and fallacious.—From Communication in Our Lives, 6th ed. Wadsworth, 2012 Critical Thinking Is Key Overall, to avoid making, spreading, or believing hasty generalizations, take a step back, analyze the opinion, and consider the source. If a statement comes from a biased source, then the point of view behind it needs to inform your understanding of the stated opinion, as it gives it context. To find the truth, look for evidence both supporting and opposing a statement because, as the adage says, there are two sides to every story—and the truth often lies somewhere in the middle.

Friday, December 27, 2019

Industrialization After the Civil War Research Paper

Assignment 1.2: Research Paper Industrialization after the Civil War Shana Dukes History 105 Professor Tracey M. Biagas February 3. 2014 Introduction Industrialization after the Civil War was a period where Industrial city were being built, there were jobs for people and the political aspect was having corruption. In this paper the main points in this paper discussed the major aspects of the Industrialization Revolution, such as groups that were affected by the Industrial society, and the affects the life of the average working American. While the Industrial Revolution was a great turning point in the history of mankind, it led humanity to great technological advancements, middle and lower class, African American rights,†¦show more content†¦The economic growth really helped people find jobs and make a way to live. The last aspect is political, the political aspect of the politics reflected to the business and not to the poor urban people or to the working class. The Federal, State, and local politicians gave land grants and government contracts to their friends and supporters for public works (Schultz, 2013). The political corruption was a big problem during the Industrialization because businessmen took their agendas to the politicians whom the businessmen exchanged for cash or stock to obtain a land grant, but with the exchanges that turned into a public scandal which became The Credit Mobilier Scandal (Schultz, 2013). The political aspect in the Industrialization era was a lot of scandal’s and a lot of bribing people of their money. Groups of the Industrial Revolution Three groups that were affected by the Industrialization were middle and lower class, African Americans, and women rights. Middle and lower class workers were affected by Industrialization because the growth of the middle class had expanded, and professional employment had increased, but the lower class was the victims of the industrialization because the assembly line took a lot of the jobs of a lot of workers (Gilder Lehrman Institute, 2009). Another example of the middle and lower class is Union labor groups defend workers because employers just viewed workers as cost of production then regular individuals. That’s when theShow MoreRelatedEssay about IB History IA1431 Words   |  6 PagesWhich factors led to the civil war in Spain? Why did the war breakout in July 1936? Francisco Abadal Ramon Section A: Plan of investigation This paper investigates to what extent did the left wing political opposition lead to the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939? 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Thursday, December 19, 2019

feminaw Seeking a New Identity for Women in The...

Seeking a New Identity for Women in The Awakening In The Awakening, Chopin questions gender roles. Chopin seeks an identity for women that is neither wife nor mother. To achieve this end, she incorporates progressive feminist ideas into her writing. Yet, in the end, Chopin also shows that, because of years of conditioning, many women are unable to escape society’s stereotypical roles by any satisfactory means. The protagonist of the novel, Edna Pontellier, does not possess the skills needed to become independent and, despite attempts to escape, succumbs finally to the doomed dream of romantic love. Chopin sets up a contrast between Adele Ratignolle, the bygone heroine of romance (Chopin 888), and Mademoiselle†¦show more content†¦Albeit shocking, she finds this freedom desirable, even though she would not adopt the chastity that reconciles such freedom in the motherly, angelic Creole woman. While desiring to emulate the Creole confidence and sensuousness, she wishes to leave out the austerity which in the end conforms the Creole woman to the patriarchal society of her extended family. She wants to be a part of scandalous books being openly criticised and freely discussed at table (890), and begins to rebel instinctively against the narrowness of her upbringing, which has forced her to hide her opinions and criticisms on literature and life in secret and solitude (890). Madame Ratignolle becomes her model of sensuality, but not her model of behavior. Edna admires her friend with an almost sexual interest. Chopin writes that she liked to sit and gaze at her fair companion as she might look upon a faultless Madonna (890), mirroring the oppressive male gaze. She paints her portrait because Never had that lady seemed a more tempting subject at that moment, seated there like some sensuous Madonna, with the gleam of the fading day enriching her splendid color (891). However, Edna sees this woman as more than a pretty picture, an ornament, or an elegant possession, in the way her husband might--she sees her as a living, sensuous woman. The influence of

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Fundamentals Of Human Biology And Health - Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Fundamentals Of Human Biology And Health? Answer: Introducation They are the bones that make up the fingers and the toes. Each finger and toe (with an exception of thumbs and large toes) has three phalanges i.e. distal, middle, and proximal (Schuenke, Schulte, Schumacher, 2011). These are the long bones of the foot, located between the tarsal bones and the phalanges. They are tubular in shape and they make up the bones of the midfoot. It is the bone in the arm that runs between the shoulder and elbow, articulating with the scapula and the radius and ulna. It the largest bone in the forelimbs. It is only bone in the upper arm. It is a wide, hollow cartilaginous tube which connects the pharynx and larynx (voice box) to the two primary bronchi of the lungs. Also known as the windpipe, it plays a vital role in the bodys respiratory system through the provision of air flow to and from the lungs for respiration (Rogers, 2010). Also known as the large intestine, it is the organ that makes up the last section of the digestive system. It extends from the caecum to the rectum (approximately 1.5 metres in an adult), and it serves two primary functions which include absorption of water and electrolytes, and the formation, storage and expelling of faecal matter (Murdock, 2013). A tendon is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that attaches muscles to bones, and muscles to structures such as the eyeball, serving the primary role of moving the bone or the structures (Yorvick, Zieve, Ogilvie, 2016). Also known as sinews, they can withstand tension between the bones and muscles. A ligament is a fibrous connective tissue that connects bones to each other. The serve the primary role of holding them together and keeping them stable. They are blood vessels that transport oxygenated blood from the heart to rest of the body (with an exception of the pulmonary and the umbilical arteries). It is the largest artery in the body (approximately an inch in diameter) that originates from the left ventricle and extends into the abdomen and serves the role of distributing oxygenated blood through the body. A bundle of fibres that provides a common pathway for the transmission of electrochemical nerve impulses between the brain and the rest of the body (Squire, 2013). It is the lowest part of the uterus made up of cylinder-shaped neck tissue connecting the vagina and the uterus (Marieb Hoehn, 2013). A hypothetical description of a persons anatomical condition The body in the drivers seat was in a crouched position, the head slumped into the steering airbag and sandwiched by the drivers seat headrest. At the base of the skull, there were severe injuries with evidence of dislocation of the atlanto-occipital joint (probably due to cervical acceleration-deceleration) and fracturing of the atlas and probably a severed spinal cord. A deep laceration was evident in the frontal region of the skull. Abrasions were also evident on anterior face. The hands lay proximal to the superior with evident injuries of the humerus and the digits of both hands. On the chest region, there was evidence of a fractured sternum, and ribs. There were compound fractures on the right femur and left tibia. On the victims body, there were signs of massive haemorrhaging. References Marieb, E. N., Hoehn, K. (2013). Human Anatomy Physiology. Georgia : Pearson. Murdock, H. (2013). Fundamentals of Human Biology and Health. San Diego: Cognella Academic Publishing. Rogers, K. (2010). The Respiratory System. Philadelphia: The Rosen Publishing Group. Schuenke, M., Schulte, E., Schumacher, U. (2011). General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System (THIEME Atlas of Anatomy). Leipzig: Thieme. Squire, L. R. (2013). Fundamental Neuroscience. Academic Press,: Philadelphia. Yorvick, L., Zieve, D., Ogilvie, I. (2016, 7 13). Tendon vs. ligament. Retrieved from MedlinePlus: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/imagepages/19089.htm

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

National Collective Action Essays - James Madison, United States

National Collective Action The framers of the U.S. Constitution were men who wanted to solve the problems of collective action and agency loss. The Articles of Confederation contained many weaknesses, and to amend this, the framers sought to create a strong central government that could delegate authority and cut down transaction costs. Many compromises were necessary in order to solve these conflicts. The framers adopted certain changes that helped to balance the need for effective national collective action against the dangers inherent in the delegation of any authority. This balance represented the political theory that was the basis for the Constitution, and it created the background for the incredibly arduous equality struggle endured by African Americans. The first task that needed to be accomplished at the Constitutional Convention was disposing of the Articles of Confederation. Under this document, there was no strong central government and legislature could not impose taxes. Instead, they had to rely on the states to voluntarily contribute tax money, which created a huge free rider problem and would not let the US pay off the debts incurred during the war. There was also no central currency under the Articles of Confederation, which led to an unstable economy and high transaction costs during trade. The framers knew that in order to solve these problems, they needed to create a strong central government that could delegate authority and cut down transaction costs. The conflicts and compromises that ensued because of this decision would frame the United States government. In settling these conflicts, the framers of the Constitution attempted to protect against the dangers inherent in the delegation of authority to government officials required to produce it. For example, the fight between sparsely populated states and heavily populated states for representation was settled by creating a bicameral Congress. This revelation was a product of Madison's blueprint for a new Constitution, now known as the Virginia Plan. It was the first major step in shifting the focus of deliberations from fixing the confederation to reconsidering the requirements of a national union, and it provoked the proposal of the New Jersey Plan, which advocated state power. With a bicameral legislature, two houses would exist within the government. The Great Compromise stipulated that a lower chamber (House of Representatives) would be composed of representatives based on pop ulation, while an upper chamber would consist of equal representation for every state. The authority to levy taxes was reserved to the lower chamber as well. This was one of the ways the framers of the Constitution ensured against the abuse of delegated authority while pursuing the effective collective action they needed. The framers feared that a concentration of power in any one group or branch of government would lead to tyranny. In an effort to avoid the domination of government by one group, they devised the system of checks and balances in the Constitution. In this system, each of the three branches has some capacity to limit the power of the other two. It largely originated with the French philosopher Charles de Montesquieu, who argued that the power to govern could be effectively limited by dividing it among multiple branches of government. For example, while Congress passes legislation, the president can veto that legislation, and courts can declare executive acts unconstitutional. The executive was decidedly to be chosen in a manner that exercised the states' rights as the electoral college was created. This inspired political parties, for there was no other easy way to gain the majority of electors. The framers also agreed to include the Bill of Rights in the Constitution to ensure that cit izens would not be tyrannized by the powerful elite. The framers created multiple ways to amend the Constitution so that power did not rest too heavily upon one group. One way allowed states to begin the amendment promise, while another began it with Congress. Although this system of operation represents the need for effective national collective action, the framers had to come up with a way to protect against those with delegated power. Because of this, the Constitution allows an amendment to be proposed either by a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress of by an application from two-thirds of the states.